|<< Hebrews 8 >>|
Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)
1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;
2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
The New Covenant, Summary:
(1) "Better" than the Mosaic covenant not morally, but efficaciously Heb 7:19 Rom 8:3,4.
(2) Established on "better" (i.e. unconditional) promises. In the Mosaic Covenant God said, "If ye will" Ex 19:5, in the New Covenant He says, "I will" Heb 8:10,12.
(3) Under the Mosaic Covenant obedience sprang from fear Heb 2:2 12:25-27 under the New from a willing heart and mind Heb 8:10.
(4) The New Covenant secures the personal revelation of the Lord to every believer Heb 8:11.
(5) the complete oblivion of sins Heb 8:12 10:17 10:3.
(6) rests upon an accomplished redemption Mt 26:27,28 1Cor 11:25 Heb 9:11,12,18-23.
(7) and secures the perpetuity, future conversion, and blessing of Israel. Jer 31:31-40. See also "Kingdom (O.T.)," and 2Sam 7:8-17.
The New Covenant is the eighth, thus speaking of resurrection and of eternal completeness.
I. The Eight Covenants, Summary:
(1) The Edenic Covenant See Scofield Note: "Gen 1:26"conditioned the life of man in innocency.
(2) The Adamic Covenant See Scofield Note: "Gen 3:14" conditions the life of fallen man and gives promise of a Redeemer.
(3) The Noahic Covenant See Scofield Note: "Gen 9:1". establishes the principle of human government.
(4) The Abrahamic Covenant See Scofield Note: "Gen 15:18" founds the nation of Israel, and confirms, with specific additions, the Adamic promise of redemption.
(5) The Mosaic Covenant See Scofield Note: "Ex 19:25". condemns all men, "for that all have sinned."
(6) The Palestinian Covenant See Scofield Note: "Dt 30:3" secures the final restoration and conversion of Israel.
(7) The Davidic Covenant See Scofield Note: "2Sam 7:16" establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family (fulfilled in Christ, Mt 1:1 Lk 1:31-33, Rom 1:3 and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled in and by Christ 2Sam 7:8-17 Zech 12:8 Lk 1:31-33 Acts 15:14-17 1Cor 15:24.
(8) The New covenant rests upon the sacrifice of Christ, and secures the eternal blessedness, under the Abrahamic Covenant Gal 3:13-29 of all who believe. It is absolutely unconditional, and, since no responsibility is by it committed to man, it is final and irreversible.
II. The relation of Christ to the eight covenants is as follows:
(1) To the Edenic Covenant, Christ, as the "second Man," the "last Adam" 1Cor 15:45-47 takes the place over all things which the first Adam lost Col 2:10 Heb 2:7-8.
(2) He is the "Seed of the woman" of the Adamic Covenant Gen 3:15 Jn 12:31 1Jn 3:8 Gal 4:4 Rev 20:10 and fulfilled its conditions of toil Mk 6:3 and obedience.
(3) As the greatest son of Shem, in Him was fulfilled supremely the promise to Shem in the Noahic Covenant. See Scofield Note: "Gen 9:1" Col 2:9.
(4) He is the "Seed to whom the promises were made" in the Abrahamic Covenant; the son of Abraham obedient unto death Gen 22:18 Gal 3:16 Phil 2:8.
(5) He lived sinlessly under the Mosaic covenant and bore for us its curse. Gal 3:10-13.
(6) He lived obediently as a Jew in the land under the Palestinian Covenant, and will yet perform it gracious promises Dt 28:1-30:9.
(7) He is the "Seed," "Heir," and "King" under the Davidic Covenant Mt 1:1 Lk 1:31-33.
(8) His sacrifice is the foundation of the New Covenant Mt 26:28 1Cor 11:25.
9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
Jehovah. Jer 31:33.
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
Jehovah. Jer 31:34.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Gr. "hileos propitious". See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:25".
Margin unrighteousness, sins
Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.