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Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)
1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
The sabbath rest of God: type of the beliver's rest in the finished work of redemption (Heb 3-4).
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
In the O.T. the same Hebrew word (qodesh) is translated sanctify, consecrate, dedicate, and holy. It means, set apart for the service of God. See refs. following "Sanctify," See Scofield Note: "Gen 2.3".
4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
Summary of the creation work of Chapter 1.
LORD (Heb. Jehovah)
(1) The primary meaning of the name LORD (Jehovah) is the "self-existent One." Literally (as in Ex 3:14), "He that is who He is, therefore the eternal I AM:"
But Havah, from which Jehovah, or Yahwe, is formed, signifies also "to become," that is, to become known, thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation. Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah. He is "the self- existent One who reveals Himself." The name is, in itself, an advance upon the name "God" (El, Elah, Elohim), which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength, etc., rather than His essential being.
(2) It is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in Scripture follows the creation of man. It was God (Elohim) who said, "Let us make man in our image" (Gen 1:26); but when man, as in the second chapter of Genesis, is to fill the scene and become dominant over creation, it is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) who acts. This clearly indicates a special relation of Deity, in His Jehovah character, to man, and all Scripture emphasizes this.
(3) Jehovah is distinctly the redemption name of Deity. When sin entered and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah Elohim who sought the sinning ones Gen 3:9-13 and clothed them with "coats of skins" Gen 3:21 a beautiful type of righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice Rom 3:21,22. The first distinct revelation of Himself by His name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt Ex 3:13-17. As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise. These are:
(a) His holiness Lev 11:44,45 19:1,2 20:26 Hab 1:12,13
(b) His hatred and judgment of sin Dt 32:35-42 Gen 6:5-7 Ps 11:4-6 66:18 Ex 34:6,7
(c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously Gen 3:21 8:20,21 Ex 12:12,13 Lev 16:2,3 Isa 53:5,6,10 Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.
(4) In his redemptive relation to man, Jehovah has seven compound names which reveal Him as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end. These compound names are:
(a) Jehovah-jireh, "the Lord will provide" Gen 22:13,14 i.e., will provide a sacrifice;
(b) Jehovah-rapha, "the Lord that healeth" Ex 15:26. That this refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied.
(c) Jehovah-nissi, "the Lord our banner" Ex 17:8-15. The name is interpreted by the context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of Gal 5:17 the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help.
(d) Jehovah-Shalom, "the Lord our peace," or "the Lord send peace" Jud 6:24. Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah finds expression and illustration in that chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin Gen 2:1-5. Jehovah loves and saves sinners Gen 2:7-18 but only through sacrifice Gen 2:19-21 see also Rom 5:1 Eph 2:14 Col 1:20.
(e) Jehovah-ra-ah, "the Lord my shepherd" (Psa 23.). In Ps. 22 Jehovah makes peace by the blood of the cross; in Ps 23. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world. See Scofield Note: "Jn 10:7"
(f) Jehovah-tsidkenu, "the Lord our righteousness" Jer 23:6. This name of Jehovah occurs in a prophecy concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will hail him as Jehovah-tsidkenu--"the Lord our righteousness."
(g) Jehovah-shammah, "the Lord is present" Ezek 48:35. This name signifies Jehovah's abiding presence with His people Ex 33:14,15 1Chr 16:27,33 Ps 16:11 97:5 Mt 28:20 Heb 13:5
(5) Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel Ex 19:3 20:1,2 Jer 31:31-34.
(6) Lord God (Heb. Jehovah Elohim) is the first of the compound names of Deity. Lord God is used distinctly:
(1) of the relation of Deity to man
(a) as Creator Gen 2:7-15
(b) as morally in authority over man Gen 2:16,17
(c) as creating and governing the earthly relationships of man Gen 2:18-24 3:16-19,22-24 and
(d) as redeeming man Gen 3:8-15,21
(2) of the relation of Deity to Israel Gen 24:7 28:13 Ex 3:15,18 4:5 5:1 7:6 Dt 1:11,21 4:1 6:3 12:1 Josh 7:13,19,20 10:40,42 Jud 2:12 1Sam 2:30 1Ki 1:48 2Ki 9:6 2Ki 10:31 1Chr 22:19 2Chr 1:9 Ezra 1:3 Isa 21:17 See other names of Deity,
See Scofield Note: "Gen 1:1"
See Scofield Note: "Gen 14:18"
See Scofield Note: "Gen 15:2"
See Scofield Note: "Gen 17:1"
See Scofield Note: "Gen 21:33"
See Scofield Note: "1Sam 1:3"
Margin Lord God
Deity (names of God) See Scofield Note: "Mal 3:18"
5 And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
The creative act of Gen 1:27 described
8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
The habitation of unfallen man, and the Edenic Covenant. (Add Gen 1:28-30)
9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;
12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Hiddekel = ancient name of the Tigris.
15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
Eve, type of the Church as bride of Christ Jn 3:28,29 2Cor 11:2 Eph 5:25-32 Rev 19:7,8
"Isha," "because she was taken out of man" (Ish) Hos 2:16
24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.