|<< 1 Corinthians 15 >>|
Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)
1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
See Scofield Note: "Rom 1:16".
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
See Scofield Note: "Mk 16:14".
6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.
7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.
8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.
 born out of due time
Gr. to ektromati, "before the due time." Paul thinks of himself here as an Israelite whose time to be born again had not come, nationally (cf) Mt 23:39 Song that his conversion by the appearing of the Lord in glory Acts 9:3-6 was an illustration, or instance before the time, of the future national conversion of Israel. See Ezek 20:34-38 Hos 2:14-17 Zech 12:10-13:6 Rom 11:25-27.
9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
11 Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.
12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:
14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.
15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.
16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:
17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.
20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
Adam was a contrasting type of Christ, 1Cor 15:45-47 Rom 5:14-19.
(1) "The first man Adam was made a living soul" Gen 2:7, i.e. he derived life from another, that is, God. "The last Adam was a life-giving spirit." Song far from deriving life, He was Himself the fountain of life, and He gave that life to others Jn 1:4 5:21 10:10 12:24 1Jn 5:12.
(2) In origin the first man was of the earth, earthy; the Second Man is the Lord from heaven.
(3) Each is the head of a creation, and these also are in contrast: in Adam all die; in Christ all will be made alive; the Adamic creation is "flesh"; the new creation, "spirit." Jn 3:6.
23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
Kingdom (N.T.), Summary: See "Kingdom (O.T.)" Gen 1:26-28. See Scofield Note: "Zech 12:8". Kingdom truth is developed in the N.T. in the following order:
(1) The promise of the kingdom to David and his seed, and described in the prophets 2Sam 7:8-17, Zech 12:8 enters the N.T. absolutely unchanged. Lk 1:31-33. The King was born in Bethlehem Mt 2:1 Mic 5:2 of a virgin. Mt 1:18-25 Isa 7:14.
(2) The kingdom announced as "at hand" See Scofield Note: "Mt 4:17", by John the Baptist, by the King, and by the Twelve, was rejected by the Jews, first morally, See Scofield Note: "Mt 11:20", and afterward officially Mt 21:42,43 and the King, crowned with thorns, was crucified.
(3) In anticipation of His official rejection and crucifixion, the King revealed the "mysteries" of the kingdom of heaven, See Scofield Note: "Mt 13:11" to be fulfilled in the interval between His rejection and His return in glory Mt 13:1-50.
(4) Afterward He announced His purpose to "build" His church Mt 16:18 another "mystery" revealed through Paul which is being fulfilled contemporaneously with the mysteries of the kingdom. The "mysteries of the kingdom of heaven" and the "mystery" of the church Eph 3:9-11 occupy, historically, the same period, i.e, this present age.
(5) The mysteries of the kingdom will be brought to an end by "the harvest" Mt 13:39-43,49,50 at the return of the King in glory, the church having previously been caught up to meet Him in the air 1Th 4:14-17.
(6) Upon His return the King will restore the Davidic monarchy in His own person, re-gather dispersed Israel, establish His power over all the earth, and reign one thousand years Mt 24:27-30 Lk 1:31-33 Acts 15:14-17 Rev 20:1-10.
(7) The kingdom of heaven See Scofield Note: "Mt 3:2" thus established under David's divine Son, has for its object the restoration of the divine authority in the earth, which may be regarded as a revolted province of the great kingdom of God See Scofield Note: "Mt 6:33". When this is done (1Cor 14:24,25) the Son will deliver up the kingdom (of heaven), Mt 3:2 to "God, even the Father," that "God" (i.e. the triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) "may be all in all" (1Cor 14:28). The eternal throne is that "of God, and of the Lamb" Rev 22:1. The kingdom-age constitutes the seventh Dispensation, See Scofield Note: "Eph 1:10".
Margin Then cometh
Then, finally, when he delivers up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he has done away with every rule, and every authority and power (for he must reign till he has put all enemies under his feet), the last enemy, death, is destroyed.
25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.
28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?
i.e. who, through the introductory rite of baptism, are taking the places in the ranks left vacant by Christians who have died.
30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour?
31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.
32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.
33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.
Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
35 But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?
36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:
37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:
38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.
39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.
40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.
41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.
42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
Margin was made
Omit italicized words "was made."
46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven.
48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.
51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
See Scofield Note: "Mt 13:11".
52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
(1) The resurrection of the dead was believed by the patriarchs Gen 22:5 Heb 11:19 Job 19:25-27 and revealed through the prophets Isa 26:19 Dan 12:2,13 Hos 13:14 and miracles of the dead restored to life are recorded in the O.T. 2Ki 4:32-35 13:21.
(2) Jesus Christ restored life to the dead Mt 9:25 Lk 7:12-15 Jn 11:43,44 and predicted His own resurrection Jn 10:18 Lk 24:1-8.
(3) A resurrection of bodies followed the resurrection of Christ Mt 27:52,53 and the apostles raised the dead Acts 9:36-41 20:9,10.
(4) Two resurrections are yet future, which are inclusive of "all that are in the graves" Jn 5:28. These are distinguished as "of life" 1Cor 15:22,23 1Th 4:14-17 Rev 20:4 and "of judgment" Jn 5:28,29 Rev 20:11-13. They are separated by a period of one thousand years Rev 20:5. The "first resurrection," that "unto life," will occur at the second coming of Christ 1Cor 15:23 the saints of the O.T. and church ages meeting Him in the air 1Th 4:16,17 while the martyrs of the tribulation, who also have part in the resurrection Rev 20:4 are raised at the end of the great tribulation.
(5) The mortal body will be related to the resurrection body as grain sown is related to the harvest 1Cor 15:37,38 that body will be incorruptible, glorious, powerful, and spiritual 1Cor 15:42-44,49.
(6) The bodies of living believers will, at the same time, be instantaneously changed 1Cor 15:50-53 Phil 3:20,21. This "change" of the living, and resurrection of the dead in Christ, is called the "redemption of the body" Rom 8:23 Eph 1:13,14.
(7) After the thousand years the "resurrection unto judgment" Jn 5:29 occurs. The resurrection-body of the wicked dead is not described. They are judged according to their works, and cast into the lake of fire. Rev 20:7-15.
53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.
See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.